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Collection of Cruces y Campa Mexican Occupationals

Identifier: Image Archive-Collection 48

Scope and Contents

1862-1877.  60 cartes-de-visites of the Mexican "occupationals" or "tipos" series created by the photographers Antioco Cruces and Luis Campa from studio portraits depicting men, women, and children in a diversity of occupations or wearing traditional costumes against realistic backgrounds. The collector was Charles R. Hunt.


  • 1862-1877


Conditions Governing Access

Open to the public. No known restrictions.

Biographical or Historical Information

Antíoco Cruces and Luis Campa were perhaps the most successful Mexican photographers in the latter half of the 19th century. Both attended the prestigious Academy de San Carlos art school in Mexico City and were supported by fellow photographer, José María de la Torre, who worked with them between 1863 and 1866. The pair established their reknown photography studio, Fotografía Artística in the heart of the city. In 1876, their work, "Popular Mexican Types" or "tipos" won them a bronze medal for artistic merit at the International Exposition held in Philadelphia. The following year, Campa left the business to teach at the Academy de San Carlos, but Cruces remained active as a photographer.

Cruces y Campa employed their excellent business savvy using the new photographic technology of carte-de-visite to market their photographic series including those of Mexican people in daily life (Occupationals) and later of famous people in Mexican history (Gobernantes). The use of the cartes-de-visite format was a specialty of Cruces y Campa, who were pioneers of the medium in Mexico.


60.00 Pieces

Language of Materials

Spanish; Castilian

Arrangement Note

Cards ordered 1 - 60 in photo pages housed alongside Photograph collection 67 in a single Hollinger clamshell box

Existence and Location of Originals

Tulane Digital Library collection, Early Images of Latin America, contains digital images of this collection.

Related Materials

Photograph collection 67 contains Cruces y Campa cartes-des-visite of rulers and presidents of Mexico.



Collection of Cruces y Campa Mexican Occupationals
Photograph Collection 48, Image Archive, The Latin American Library
Christine Hernández
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the The Latin American Library at Tulane Repository

7001 Freret Street
Howard-Tilton Memorial Library, 4th floor
Tulane University
New Orleans Louisiana 70118 US
(504) 865-5681