Collection of Cruces y Campa Mexican Heads of State
Identifier: Image Archive-Collection 67
Scope and Contents
c. 1874-1881. 52 original cartes-de-visite photographs mounted on cards measuring 4 X 2 inches. An example of Cruces y Campa's Gobernantes series, this set of photographs titled, Galería de personas que han ejercido el mando supremo de México con título legal o por medio de la usurpación, features a cast of government officials and personages important to the political history of Mexico, photographed by the firm of Cruces y Campa in Mexico City. Descriptive text stamped on the verso side of each card provide biographical information. Several texts contain dates as late as 1881 indicating that at least some of the cartes-des-visite were issued after the dissolution of the firm. A red, half morocco and cloth clamshell box with gilt labeling was created to contain the collection.
- c. 1874-1881
- Cruces y Campa (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
Open to the public. No known restrictions.
Biographical or Historical Information
Antíoco Cruces and Luis Campa were perhaps the most successful Mexican photographers in the latter half of the 19th century. Both attended the prestigious Academy de San Carlos art school in Mexico City and were supported by fellow photographer, Jose Maria de la Torre, who worked with them between 1863 and 1866. They established the firm of Cruces y Campa that won a bronze medal for artistic merit at the International Exposition held in Philadelphia in 1876, and proved their excellent business savvy by using new photographic technology to market series of images of people including those of Mexican people in the daily life (Occupationals) and later of famous people in Mexican history (Gobernantes). The use of the cartes-de-visite format was a specialty of Cruces y Campa, who were pioneers of the medium in Mexico. Though the firm and the professional partnership of Cruces y Campa was dissolved in 1877, Antíoco Cruces remained active as a photographer, and it is possible that Luis Campa did as well, though his career is unknown after that time.
Note written by
Note written by
Cards ordered 1 - 52 in photo pages housed alongside Photograph collection 48 in a single Hollinger clamshell box
Existence and Location of Originals
Tulane Digital Library collection, Early Images of Latin America, contains digital images of this collection.
- Cartes-des-visites Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Heads of state -- Mexico Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Kings and rulers -- Mexico Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Politics and government -- Mexico Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Portraits -- Mexico Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Archon Finding Aid Title
- Description rules
- Other Unmapped
- Language of description