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Anne Rice collection

 Collection
Identifier: LaRC-1120

Scope and Contents

The Anne Rice Collection documents the professional development of three related authors: Anne Rice, a bestselling and internationally-recognized novelist; Stan Rice, an award-winning poet, painter, and retired professor of English at San Francisco State University; and Alice Borchardt, a novelist who retired from nursing. The bulk of these materials span from the 1970s through the early 2000s, though the complete range of the collection is from 1905 to 2017.

The Anne Rice series spans 115+ linear feet and largely documents her professional writing processing through handwritten or typescript pages, chapters, and full drafts at varying stages of publishing. Several early short stories, unfinished novellas, hundreds of handwritten diaries with incomplete notes on her novels, and unproduced TV, film, and musical projects are also maintained. The impact of her literary career is reflected through correspondence with her editors, publishers, and fans, as well as business records related to her former properties, stores, and tour companies in New Orleans. The series also documents personal aspects of her life through handwritten diaries (including a set from her father Howard J. O'Brien), personal records spanning from elementary school through her collegiate years, and personal correspondence with family and friends. This series also contains unprocessed born-digital materials, including floppy disks and Zip drives containing computer files, that are currently unavailable to researchers. Similarly, the diaries are fragile and remain inaccessible while undergoing preservation treatment.

The Stan Rice series spans 48 linear feet, and documents his professional progression in writing, teaching, and painting. As a poet, Rice maintained several poetry drafts at varying stages in the publishing process, early original poems throughout his work books, and varied correspondence around publishing and awards. He also documented his readings through audio recordings on cassette and flyers. As a tenured professor, Rice retained his detailed and handwritten lecture notes, syllabi, course handouts, and entire tenure file upon retirement. He also kept notes on the Creative Writing department and personal reflections within his work books and diaries. As a painter, Rice created hundreds of individual drawings in various mediums and developed collages of magazine clippings and photographs as prerequisites to his paintings. Beyond Rice's career, the series contains several subject files for a posthumous, but incomplete, biography by his friend Michael Riley. Riley also developed dozens of recordings, transcripts, and notes analyzing Rice's personal diaries.

The Alice Borchardt series spans 12 linear feet and documents her professional career as a novelist. It contains several spiralbound notebooks filled with handwritten novel drafts, handwritten or typescript drafts at varying stages in the publishing process, and unpublished drafts of novels and short stories. Novel drafts from other authors, which were sent to Borchardt for editing, are also maintained.

Please see "Additional Description" below for content warnings.

Dates

  • 1905-2019

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open to researchers with the following exceptions: 1. All medical records are subject to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)'s restrictions of fifty years from the creator's death date. 2. Born-digital media is unavailable until it can be securely migrated to an access format. 3. Anne Rice's diaries and planners; Stan Rice's Workbooks, Journals, and Sketchbooks; and Alice Borchardt's notebooks are subject to review by TUSC staff and may be restricted due to preservation concerns. Please contact specialcollections@tulane.edu if you are interested in accessing these materials. 4. Original audio and audiovisual materials in this collection will require assessment and possible digitization for safe access. All requests to access media must be made in advanceby emailing specialcollections@tulane.edu

Conditions Governing Use

This collection is the physical property of Tulane University Special Collections. Copyright belongs to the creators or their legal heirs and assigns. It is the responsibility of the researcher to determine who holds the copyright and pursue the copyright owner or his or her heir for permission to publish where Tulane University Special Collections does not hold the copyright. For further information, please contact Research Services at specialcollections@tulane.edu.

Conditions Governing Use

All born-digital media, audio, and audiovisual assets in this collection will require assessment and possible digitization for safe access. All requests to access media must be made in advance by emailing specialcollections@tulane.edu.

Biographical / Historical

Anne Rice (1941-2021), born Howard Allen O’Brien in New Orleans, LA, was a genre-defying author who wrote over thirty novels across eight series and numerous multimedia adaptations. As the second of Howard and Katherine O’Brien’s four daughters, Rice credited her older sister, the novelist Alice O’Brien Borchardt (1939-2007), with fostering her early creative tendencies. She expanded their co-created “dreamworld” to include dozens of characters and ethical dilemmas that would shape her novels. She also became a prolific diarist. Her bestselling gothic and supernatural fiction includes The Vampire Chronicles and The Lives of the Mayfair Witches, which have sold millions of copies internationally. Her literary career also encompassed standalone historical novels, sadomasochistic erotica under pseudonyms (A.N. Roquelaure and Anne Rampling), and fictional accounts of Jesus Christ and angels.

After her mother’s death and father’s remarriage in 1957, O’Brien transferred to Richardson High School where she met her future husband, the poet Stan Rice, Jr. (1942-2002), in a journalism class. She graduated in 1959, and after long-distance correspondence and visits, married Rice in 1961. She attended three colleges before earning a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science from San Francisco State University (1964). Her daughter Michele was born in 1966 and diagnosed with leukemia only four years later. Despite medical interventions, she died months after Rice completed a Master’s in Creative Writing (1972) from SFSU. Rice turned to writing full-time and attended The Community of Writers at Squaw Valley Conference (1974), where she secured Phyllis Seidel as an agent. Interview with the Vampire sold to Knopf in 1976 and launched her publishing career. Her son Christopher was born in 1981, challenging her to balance motherhood with her growing popularity.

She returned to New Orleans with her family in 1989 and developed multiple avenues to engage her fanbase: a phone line with pre-recorded messages, printed guides on her worldbuilding, and the Commotion Strange newsletter. She also endorsed the “Anne Rice’s Vampire Lestat Fan Club” by attending their Vampire Balls and coordinating additional events. By 1991, she formed Kith and Kin, a company staffed by family, to support her endeavors in merchandising, licensing, and adapting her novels for projects in new mediums. Rice also extensively renovated and re-coded her property, the former St. Elizabeth’s Orphanage, for museum use. It housed a sizeable doll collection, the Stan Rice Gallery, and a restored chapel within its walls.

After suffering a diabetic coma in 1998 that nearly killed her, she remarried Stan Rice within the Catholic Church and renewed her commitment to the faith. The 2000s became a pivotal decade in her career, following Stan Rice's death from brain cancer, the sunsetting of most commercial endeavors, the foreseeable end of the Vampire Chronicles, and her retreat to California. She continued to write and publish Christian fiction, though her Wolves of Midwinter series marked her return to fantasy in the 2010s. She reinstated The Vampire Chronicles, collaborated with Christopher Rice (now a bestselling novelist) on Ramses the Damned, and developed new adaptations until her death in 2021.

Biographical / Historical

Stanley Travis Rice Jr. (1942-2002), born in Dallas, TX, was an award-winning author of eight collections of poetry, a professor of English, and a painter. His first poetry collection, Some Lamb (1975), was published after he lost his daughter Michele to leukemia and explored the emotional impact of her illness. He continued writing and became consistently booked for poetry readings at venues throughout San Francisco and large-scale events, including the 20th Commemoration of the United Nations. His writing honors included writing grants from the National Endowment of the Arts (1965, 1972), the Joseph Henry Jackson Award in Poetry from the San Francisco Foundation (1968), and the Edgar Allen Poe Award for Whiteboy (1977) plus two regional first prizes (1964, 1965) from the Academy of American Poets.

He attended North Texas State University before transferring to San Francisco State University, where he earned both his Bachelor’s (1963) and Master’s degrees (1965). He began teaching English classes and was one of the youngest tenured professors at SFSU by 1977. Since he did not have his PhD at the time, his colleagues argued that his professional achievements and level of knowledge were comparable to a physical degree, a stance that took years to be accepted. Throughout his teaching career, he also served as Chairman of the Creative Writing department and Assistant Director of the Poetry Center, where he oversaw event programming, curriculum development, changes to degree requirements, and department hiring. He also maintained dozens of “Workbooks” to compile his poetry and detailed day-to-day reflections.

After returning to New Orleans with his wife and son in 1989, he retired from teaching and focused on painting and writing full-time. He created hundreds of individual compositions through a variety of mediums, and eventually opened the Stan Rice Gallery in the St. Elizabeth’s Orphanage Museum. His paintings were also represented in the New Orleans Museum of Art and the Ogden Museum of Southern Art. From 1992 to 1997, he collaborated with Lew Thomas to establish slides for prints and published Paintings, a large monograph of his works, with Knopf. Though he had suffered from and attempted to study sleep disorders for years, the discovery of a brain tumor caused him to put more of an emphasis on treatment. He continued to create until his death from cancer in 2002.

Biographical / Historical

Alice Borchardt (1939-2007), born in New Orleans as Alice Allen O’Brien, was a novelist of historical fiction and fantasy who authored seven books across three series: Devoted, the Legends of the Wolves, and Tales of Guinevere. She became a voracious reader after gaining her first library card and cultivated her early storytelling skills with her three sisters. After completing high school in Richardson, TX, she began nursing school in Houston, where she met and married her husband Clifford Borchardt. She spent the first thirty years of her career as a licensed nurse but faced staff reductions at the hospital where she worked. Her sister, Anne Rice, was a well-known novelist at this juncture and named Alice as one of the inspirations for her literary career. As Borchardt picked up writing again, Rice offered several resources: she helped secure an agent, wrote introductions for the books, and consistently promoted the works via website and social media. By her third novel, The Silver Wolf, Borchardt quit nursing. She focused on writing full-time until her death from cancer in 2007.

Extent

129.8 Linear Feet (282 boxes, 514 volumes)

107.34 Linear Feet (144 audiocassettes, 1 videocassette, 2 mini-videocassettes, 18 floppy disks, 135 compact discs, 4 digital versatile discs, 2 zip drives, and 4 quarter-inch cartridges)

Language of Materials

English

Arrangement

The Anne Rice Collection is arranged into three series, based on each creator, and then further divided by material type. Born-digital and audiovisual materials have been integrated into the appropriate subseries based on content.

Series 1: Anne Rice includes 6 subseries: Subseries 1: Novels, Adaptations, and Biographies; Subseries 2: Early Works and Concepts; Subseries 3: Personal and Professional Correspondence; Subseries 4: Diaries (fragile and undergoing preservation treatment); Subseries 5: Personal Records; Subseries 6: Business Records.

Series 2: Stan Rice includes 10 subseries: Subseries 1: Published Works; Subseries 2: "Workbooks";, Subseries 3: Professional Records; Subseries 4: Subject Files by Michael Riley; Subseries 5: Artwork; Subseries 6: Paintings Sub-Series Subseries 7: Interviews Conducted by Stan Rice; Subseries 8: Journals; Subseries 9: Journal Recordings by Michael Riley; Subseries 10: Therapy Recordings.

Subseries 3: Alice Borchardt includes 3 subseries: Subseries 1: Handwritten Drafts; Subseries 2: Published Works; Subseries 3: Unpublished Works; Subseries 4: Solicitations for Editing.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Due to preservation concerns for media and availability of equipment, original audio and audiovisual material may be unavailable for playback. Born-digital media is unavailable for research until it can be migrated to an access format.

Related Materials

Rice extensively referenced and annotated a copy of the New Oxford Annotated Bible during personal and professional study. This signed association copy has notes from 2005 through 2010, and is located within the Tulane University Special Collections' Rare Books Collection.

A photographic portrait of Rice can be found within the "Portraits" series of the Louisiana Image Collection (LaRC-1081). Refer to the digital finding aid.

Rice's correspondence with John Preston can be found within "Series I: Correspondence and Subject Files" of the John Preston Papers (MS.2011.032) at Brown University. Refer to the digital finding aid.

Two related collections are housed at Louisiana State University. Reviews written by or about Anne Rice can be found in the Anne Rice Collection (MSS-4446). Refer to the inventory. Several of Katherine Ramsland's manuscripts, correspondence, interviews, and articles related to Rice's career can be found in the Katherine M. Ramsland Papers (MSS-4464). Refer to the container list.

Processing Information

Processed by Nix Mendy and student assistants Isabelle Chow, Harshi Rachamullu, and Sara Helberg.

The arrangement for the collection follows the organization Rice provided when applicable, but also includes imposed chronological groupings for materials without clear order. Original sticky notes with detailed notes, faxes on thermapaper, and magazine or newspaper clippings throughout the collection were photocopied onto preservation-standard bond paper and then discarded or left in place.

Content Warning

This collection may contain language and materials that are offensive, outdated or harmful. See Tulane University Special Collections’ Statement on Harmful and Non-Inclusive Language in Archival Description for more information about our current practices and commitment to inclusive and reparative action in the archives, which includes ongoing efforts to remediate or contextualize ableist, euphemistic, homophobic, racist, sexist and other forms of oppressive language found within our finding aids and collection materials. If you have concerns about language used in this finding aid, please contact us at specialcollections@tulane.edu.

Creator

Title
Anne Rice Collection
Status
In Progress
Author
Nix Mendy
Date
2020-09-21
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Tulane University Special Collections Repository

Contact:
Jones Hall Room 202
6801 Freret Street
New Orleans 70118 US