American Federation of Musicians Local 174-496
Scope and Contents
The American Federation of Musicians Local 174-496 Records include members' records, former president Dave Winstein's correspondence, meeting minutes, financial and property records, legal documents, publications, photographs and scrapbooks. These records date from 1904 to 1992, but are not complete. Membership applications for 1921-1922 are missing, as are the board minutes for 1918-1922. Other types of information might be duplicated in several ledgers, and still other bits of information were only recorded for a short period of time, then dropped. The records for Local 496 date from 1941-1969.
- Other: Majority of material found within 1904-1992
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research.
Biographical or Historical Information
Local 174 was chartered on January 14, 1902, and served the white musicians of southeastern Louisiana. After an early and short-lived attempt to organize in 1880, African-American musicians established Local 242 later in 1902 with Theogene V. Baquet as president. By 1905, this local had lapsed and none of its records remain. In June 1926 another group of African-American musicians--including Oscar Celestin, A.J. Piron, and Sam Utrey--chartered Local 496. This local merged with 174 late in 1969. Records of Local 496 prior to 1941 are not held at the archive, and may either have been destroyed or remain in private hands. The accession of materials from AFM Local 174-496 was initiated by Curtis D. Jerde, who was Curator of the Hogan Jazz Archive from 1980-1988. The first donation consisted of personal records belonging to David Winstein, who had been President of the Local from 1948-1994. He donated a variety of union membership and rules books and correspondence files. Winstein then decided to donate some of the union's "dead files" to the Archive. The next donation included typed board minutes for Local 174 beginning with 1923 and extending through the 1970s, financial records, dues records, contracts and some membership materials for the 496. After Bruce Boyd Raeburn became Curator in 1989, Winstein and his successors, Ted Demuth and Jerry Verges, donated additional materials including handwritten ledgers of Local 174 board minutes from 1904 to 1917; business records, including ledgers from 174 and 496; and membership applications. The only records that were not transferred to the Archive were certain recording contracts that have been retained by the 174-496.
Note written by Sue Fischer
Note written by Sue Fischer
39.04 Linear Feet
These records are arranged in two series. Series 1 includes Local 496 records and Series 2 includes Local 174 records as well as the union's records after 1969 when 174 and 496 merged. Series 2 is divided into 5 sub-series: administrative files; financial records and legal documents; publications; Musicians' Fraternal Home Association/Local 174 Recreation Home; and addenda.